Government and commercial space programs, global Wi-Fi and 5G – What is the environmental price tag to the Earth and life?
OPEN LETTER TO Elon Musk & SPACEX
Please sign and share widely this Open Letter to Elon Musk & SpaceX.
Companies are launching unprecedented numbers of rockets to put global Wi-Fi and 5G satellites into the sky. 100,000+ satellites, plus drones and balloons, are planned. SpaceX is beta testing its network now.
What are the risks?
What impacts on the sky and Earth could happen from all the rockets and
Industry and government have done little research and claim the “big sky” can absorb any problems. And there’s virtually no federal oversight — the FCC exempts them from environmental review.
But, major problems exist —
- ozone destruction
- pollution: rocket exhaust gases, black carbon, alumina, other toxic chemicals
- fossil fuel use and climate impacts
- debris and satellite accumulation, risking collisions
- de-orbiting crashes, pollution, casualties and fires
- RF-EMF impacts to humans, wildlife, plants, and trees
- loss of night sky
- interference with astronomy
- RF interference with GPS, airplanes, weather satellites
- global electrical circuit interference
- solar flare disruption to satellites and connected IoT network societies
- energy usage
Despite these grave hazards and ignoring experts’ warnings, companies and governments are moving ahead with this worldwide experiment. Their actions risk turning Earth into Mars. The costs will fall on the public.
THE TIME TO ACT IS NOW!
- Contact public officials and demand investigations and action.
- Demand comprehensive environmental review, public hearings, and public consent on projects.
- Sign, share, and deliver to officials the International Appeal to Stop 5G on Earth and in Space — http://www.5Gspaceappeal.org
- Participate in the December 20, 2021 international protest vigil — http://www.stop5Ginternational.org
- Call for a moratorium on global 5G and Wi-Fi.
As the rocket launch market grows, so will ozone-destroying rocket emissions. If left unregulated, rocket launches by the year 2050 could result in more ozone destruction than was ever realized by CFCs…The Montreal Protocol has left out the space industry, which could have been included.” Darin Toohey, University of Colorado, 2009
Severe ozone loss is possible. Rockets can destroy up to 100% of the ozone in their path for miles. Rocket and satellite substances also directly destroy ozone, and the shockwave from de-orbiting satellite debris creates nitric oxide which also destroys ozone.
The sun turns oxygen into ozone in the stratosphere, creating the ozone shield which protects the Earth. Rocket exhaust chemicals, alumina, water vapor, and black carbon pollute the stratosphere long-term and block the sun’s rays, reducing ozone creation. In 2018, Martin Ross, senior project engineer at The Aerospace Corporation, estimated rockets put 11,000 tons of black carbon and alumina into the atmosphere per year. These new satellite mega-constellations will require 1000s of additional rocket launches.
Pollution / Climate Impact
Each solid-fuel shuttle launch killed 100-1000 fish in the lagoons around NASA Space Center due to toxic, highly corrosive exhaust. Other companies use kerosene – a fossil fuel which produces black carbon – and methane, a greenhouse gas, with additional constituents. Alumina is often used as a propellant. Pollution in the stratosphere lasts years before falling out. Black carbon and alumina particles in the stratosphere trap the heat generated on earth.
In addition, there are in orbit explosions. The European Space Agency says:
“More than 290 in-orbit fragmentation events have been recorded since 1961. Only a few were collisions (fewer than 10 accidental and intentional events); the majority of the events were explosions of spacecraft and upper stages…The main cause of inorbit explosions is related to residual fuel that remains in tanks or fuel lines, or other remaining energy sources, that remain on board once a rocket stage or satellite has been discarded in Earth orbit. Over time, the harsh space environment can reduce the mechanical integrity of external and internal parts, leading to leaks and/or mixing of fuel components, which could trigger self-ignition. The resulting explosion can destroy the object and spread its mass across numerous fragments with a wide spectrum of masses and imparted velocities.”
Between 1975 and 1984, a 10-fold increase was found of chemicals, paint, and metals in the atmosphere from rockets and debris, but no one has apparently studied levels since then.
Myth: Old satellites and rockets burn up on re-entry and vaporize — ie. vanish.
Fact: Re-entry causes satellites and rockets to burn, explode, and fall apart into large and small chunks, down to tiny particles, of debris. Vaporization creates toxic gases and dust.
You might think of this as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s largest Superfund cleanup.— Marshall Kaplan, Applied Physics Laboratory, 2009
Many rocket stages, engines, and tests are dumped into the ocean, and the space industry “disposes” of spent satellites by either maneuvering them into long-lasting “graveyard” orbits or “de-orbiting” them so that they “burn up”. Some orbits are so congested with junk now as to be “unuseable”. Many of these satellites will be in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) with only 5-7 year lifespans. De-orbiting satellites causes high levels of pollution, debris, and dust in the atmosphere which falls out on the Earth. Alumina is highly flammable. Last year flaming debris caused fires in Chile, and a still operating Samsung satellite crashed into a horse farm in Michigan, its balloon falling onto powerlines. These satellite mega-constellations increase the problems to lives and property exponentially.
RF Radiation Health Impacts
More than 240 scientists signed the 2015 International EMF Scientist Appeal, warning
“Effects include increased cancer risk, cellular stress, increase in harmful free radicals, genetic damages, structural and functional changes of the reproductive system, learning and memory deficits, neurological disorders, and negative impacts on general well-being in humans. Damage goes well beyond the human race…” http://www.emfscientist.org
The WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer classified RF-EMF as a possible carcinogen in 2011, and other research including the U.S. National Toxicology Program confirm its carcinogenicity.
Studies of 5G millimeter RF-EMF find it’s deeply absorbed by the skin’s sweat ducts and by the cornea of the eye, and exposure can impact heart function, the immune system and DNA. Clothing can increase the body’s absorption by resonance, and Brillouin precursors can cause effects deep within the body. Insects including bees can absorb very high levels due to resonance. This radiation harms learning, navigation, immunity, smell, and other biological processes. The U.S. military uses millimeter wave active denial weapons which cause intensely painful burning.
These global networks would put the entire Earth in a microwave oven. No human or animal would be able to find any refuge from this harmful radiation.
Interference with Wildlife
Wildlife including birds, bats, and insects navigate by detecting the Earth’s natural electromagnetic field through the magnetite in their bodies. Animals with a navigation system are extremely sensitive to electrical and magnetic fields. Studies find that RF-EMF interferes with that natural sensing. How will they live?
Interference with Astronomy, GPS, and Weather Satellites
The beauty and integrity of the sky is being destroyed. These bright satellites interfere with astronomers’ space observations, and the RF emissions interfere with radio astronomy, with GPS, airplanes, and weather satellites. LEO space is getting crowded. The U.S. Navy, NOAA, NASA and meteorologists have registered opposition to some of these systems.
Representatives from the American Geophysical Union, American Meteorological Society, and the National Weather Association have said that these new technologies could interfere with weather satellite operations. An official complaint was lodged to the Federal Communications Commission asking that some 5G deployments be delayed so that more study can be done on the issue.
Interference with Global Electrical Circuit
Health and life are dependent on the natural global electrical circuit flowing from the atmosphere to the Earth and through all living things. Lightning is a visible component of this circuit. Global 5G and Wi-Fi networks barrage the atmosphere continuously with Rf-EMF pulses, polluting this circuit and altering the Schumann resonances which regulate the rhythms of our brains and bodies.
This could be catastrophic to all life.
Vulnerability to Solar Events
Solar flares, electromagnetic pulses, and Carrington events could wreak havoc on society. These communications networks are being built as part of the new Internet of Things, which will connect everything including utilities, medical equipment, and transportation.
Another impact of the implementation of widespread 5G is the inevitable increase in energy usage among users of the Internet of Things. Energy use is already a main contributor to climate change. The Ericsson Mobility Report, a leading source on the state of the mobile world published in November 2019, estimated that by the end of 2025, 5G will attract 2.6 billion subscriptions, generating 45% of the world’s total mobile traffic data. Some report that this increased usage, along with the infrastructure that would be developed to handle the 5G era, including the data storage facilities, could consume up to three times as much energy as used today.
THE TIME TO ACT IS NOW!
For more information:
- Stop 5G International – http://www.stop5ginternational.org
- Global Union Against Radiation Deployment from Space (GUARDS) – http://www.stopglobalwifi.org
- International Appeal: Stop 5G on Earth and in Space – http://www.5gspaceappeal.org
- Healthy Heavens Trust Initiative – http://www.resiliencemultiplier.com/hhti/
- Physicians for Safe Technology – http://www.mdsafetech.org
- Americans for Safe Technology – http://www.americansforresponsibletech.org, http://www.5gcrisis.com,
- Environmental Health Trust – http://www.ehtrust.org
- Cellular Phone Task Force – http://www.cellphonetaskforce.org
- 5G Free California – http://www.5gfreecalifornia.org